The Paradox of Illumination

I first heard about the paradox of illumination from Lee Loevinger, an extraordinary gentleman I was privileged to know professionally.  Lee was a multi-faceted, multi-talented, thought-provoking lawyer whose sage advice and stimulating ideas continue to resonate with those honored to have known him, and everyone else wise enough to read his work and the words he left behind.

In a nutshell, the paradox of illumination is extraordinarily complex, but simple to describe.  Much like Albert Einstein who, when asked about his theory of relativity and the notion that time is not constant, described it in personal terms: if a man is at dinner for 10 minutes with a beautiful woman, it seems like a fleeting instant; but sit on a burning hot stove for 10 minutes and it seems like an eternity :).

The paradox of illumination can similarly be described on a personal level.  Sit in completely dark room.  Really.  Completely dark.  What can you see?  Nothing.  You know little about your surroundings and can only sense your own body – in fact, you don’t even know how far your surroundings extend beyond your immediate sensations.

Now light a match.  The circle of illumination allows you to see a little of what is around you – but the perimeter and beyond are still dark.  Now light a candle.  The circle of what you can see illuminated by the light is larger than before, but the size of the perimeter beyond which you cannot see is also a lot larger than before.  The larger the light, the larger the area of illumination, but larger by far is the perimeter beyond which we know nothing.

The more we can see and the more we know and understand about the world around us, the larger the amount becomes that we don’t know.  In other words, as the circle of our knowledge grows, so does the amount of knowledge we cannot see and don’t know.  The paradox of illumination is the paradox of knowledge.  Perhaps that is why Michelangelo, when he was more than 87 years old, still said, “Ancora Imparo” (I am still learning).

 

Contact: Joe Rosenbaum

Curiosity

Curiosity requires a sense of inquisitiveness.

Not all inquiries reflect curiosity, curiosity is inquisitive by nature.

Curiosity is the desire to learn by asking questions, dissecting, examining, exploring and investigating.

Curiosity is at the heart of most experimentation, and to be truly satisfying requires the ability to avoid preconceived ideas or foregone conclusions, but not necessarily ignoring them.

Stephen Hawking once said that “The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.”

Curiosity is a recognition of what we don’t know and the hope that by exploring the unknown, we may learn and discover new questions to ask.

It is the paradox of illumination – but more on that next time.

Contact me: Joe Rosenbaum.

Thought Leadership

Thought leadership is a state of being in which one or more individuals articulate innovative ideas – ideas that stimulate thought and are futuristic or leading-edge.

Thought leadership requires confidence and a willingness to share ideas in the form of insights and principles that inform and guide future considerations.

Thought leadership is often controversial. New or different ideas, like innovative technology, can cause evolutionary change, but can also create disruptive or revolutionary change.

Although not all thought leadership must be actionable, it is often the basis for a re-evaluation of existing pathways, and a guidepost for new roads ahead.

Contact me: Joe Rosenbaum.

2016 Metamorphosis *

Legal Bytes will soon morph** and undergo a transformation***

Watch For It

*    Metamorphosis: A noticeable change in character, appearance, function or condition.

**    Morph: To undergo dramatic change in a seamless and barely noticeable fashion.

*** Transformation: A marked change in appearance or character, especially for the better.

 

 

Want to guess? Contact me: Joe Rosenbaum or just wait and see.

Thank You for 2015 – Best Wishes for 2016

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This is the time of year when many of you are celebrating holidays; spending time with family, friends and loved ones; bidding farewell to 2015; and looking forward to the New Year – 2016. A time when many of us pause to reflect on what has happened in the past year and wonder what the new year will bring. There are people who have touched us and some with whom we’ve gotten closer; some we have missed and many with whom we resolve to try and be better in the new year; and perhaps a few we might like to forget. We pause to remember those who are no longer with us and appreciate that by remembering them, we keep their spirit – all we have learned from them and all they have meant to us – alive. As 2015 comes to an end, we reflect on friendships and relationships, events and experiences. Many will use the opportunity to thank those who have helped us in tough times and those with whom we cherish sharing the good times.

For me it has always been a time to resolve to keep doing the good things I’ve done and to be better about trying to do those things I should have done. This time of year gives me an excuse to say thank you and express appreciation to everyone who has enriched my life. If you are reading this, you are part of my audience – part of the fabric of my professional life and, like the threads of that fabric, you have helped me weave the patterns and textures you read in these digital pages and the thoughts and sensitivities that become imprinted in my mind. I am grateful for your readership and in some cases, your friendship. I am always appreciative when you take a moment to read and perhaps gain some insight, while also being a little entertained.

So let me take this the opportunity to wish each of you, your families, friends, loved ones and yes, even an enemy or two, a beautiful and joyous holiday season and a healthy, happy new year, filled with wonder and magic, health and joy, challenge and opportunity, and prosperity and success. I especially want to thank a few people at Reed Smith like Kaitlin Southron, Lois Thomson and Rebecca Blaw who make this blog happen. These are the people you don’t see, but I do! They make Legal Bytes come alive. They are always amazing, consistently awesome and unbelievable under pressure. There are insufficient words to express my gratitude and appreciation – especially when they get my email that says “can we please post this ASAP.” Thank you. You make it look easy, you make me look good. I could not do this without you!

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FTC Finally Defines ‘Unfair’

According to the FTC: “The basic consumer protection statute enforced by the Commission is Section 5(a) of the FTC Act, which provides that “unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce … are … declared unlawful.” (15 U.S.C. Sec. 45(a)(1)). Safe Web amended Sec. 5(a) “unfair or deceptive acts or practices” to include such acts or practices involving foreign commerce that cause or are likely to cause reasonably foreseeable injury within the United States or involve material conduct occurring within the United States.”

Given that view and the FTC’s traditionally robust enforcement activities in areas of false, deceptive or misleading advertising, it is not surprising that most advertising, marketing and promotional professionals are familiar with section 5.

However, of lesser fame are pronouncements by the FTC in what is “unfair” competition – another segment of the authority vested in the Federal Trade Commission by section 5 of the FTC Act. This is the lesser-known part of section 5 that gives the FTC the authority to take action when it determines that “unfair methods of competition in or affecting commerce” may be deemed illegal – essentially an antitrust concept.

For the first time, the FTC, this past Thursday (August 13, 2015) released a single page “Statement of Enforcement Principles Regarding ‘Unfair Methods of Competition’ Under Section 5 of the FTC Act“. Perhaps indicative of the challenges and internal discussions among the regulators themselves, the principles are short and, to many, appear to be a re-statement of what has already been the enforcement practices of the FTC in recent years concerning this provision of the Act.

The Commission announced it will follow three basic principles. In short, enforcement will be considered: (1) Using the same underlying principles that guide antitrust law – protection of consumer welfare; (2) if the practice causes, or is likely to cause, harm to competition or the competitive process, without any counter-balancing justification; and (3) if enforcement under the Sherman or Clayton Act is insufficient and independent action is considered necessary.

If you want to know more or have questions, please contact me or any Reed Smith attorney with whom you work.

Beyond Legal: Social Media Promotions

Yesterday (July 6, 2015), the Social Media Law & Policy Report™ published by Bloomberg BNA posted my article entitled: “Beyond Legal: What You Should Know About Social Media Promotions.”

The article highlights some of the additional considerations advertising and marketing professionals (and their lawyers) need to take into account when conducting sweepstakes, contests and promotional activities on social media platforms.

You can read the article directly at “Beyond Legal: What You Should Know About Social Media Promotions.” , or download a copy for your personal use here: Rosenbaum – Beyond Legal (BNA Reprint).

Do you need to know more about advertising, marketing or promotions operating in the world of social media or on mobile platforms? Our legal team has broad and deep experience in virtually every aspect of advertising and marketing, traditional, digital, virtual on this world or in others. You may contact me, Joe Rosenbaum, or any of the lawyers with whom you regularly work, at Reed Smith.

FTC Updates Its FAQs for Endorsement Guides

The Federal Trade Commission has just updated its version of Frequently Asked Questions, or FAQs, that relate to the “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising” that went into effect December 1, 2009. You can find the updated FTC website page right here “What People Are Asking.”

If you are a loyal Legal Bytes’ reader, you know we have been following this since as early as November 2008, when we posted Endorsements & Testimonials – FTC Broom Proposes Some Sweeping Changes, and numerous updates and informational pieces have graced these pages since then (now when we say “pages,” we mean web pages). You can refer back to any or all of them, or you can check out any you may have missed right here: FTC Testimonial and Endorsement Guides Stimulate Industry Comment (March 2009); a presentation given at the University of Limerick on the subject entitled “Trust Me, I’m a Satisfied Customer: Testimonials & Endorsements in the United States,” which you can download; Ghostwriters: Medical Research or Paid Endorsers (and are they mutually exclusive?) and Rights of Publicity – Wake Up and Smell the Coffee! (both in August 2009); and FTC Releases Updated Endorsement & Testimonial Guidelines and Reed Smith Analysis of the New FTC Endorsement and Testimonial Guidelines (both in October 2009).

In December 2009, Legal Bytes posted another thoughtful and practical analysis FTC (Revised) Endorsement Guides Go Into Effect, written by John P. Feldman, so you know Reed Smith is following and keeping up with developments as they occur.

So, if you want to know more or have questions, please do not hesitate to contact me, or any Reed Smith attorney with whom you regularly work.

An AHAA Moment! The Voice of Hispanic Marketing

On April 27, I had the distinct privilege of presenting a session devoted to the legal implications of social media and mobile technology to the leadership of AHAA, The Voice of Hispanic Marketing at their 2015 Annual Conference.

You can read or download a copy of my presentation, “The Legal Implications of Social Media and Mobile Technology,” which focuses on some traditional advertising basics and some current issues that are “hot” in the brave new world of digital advertising and marketing. Of course, there are so many implications in this dynamic and evolving arena, that no presentation could ever hope to cover them all – or even remain current and timely for very long.

So if you are in the business and need guidance, counsel, and support from a legal team with broad and deep experience in virtually every aspect of advertising and marketing – traditional or digital, anywhere in the Universe – don’t hesitate to contact me, Joe Rosenbaum or any of the lawyers with whom you regularly work at Reed Smith.

A Brief History of the U.S. Income Tax

Although income taxes were imposed for a brief time during the Civil War and again in the 1890s, it was not until 1913, upon passage of the 16th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, that federal income tax became a permanent fixture for U.S. citizens and residents. Since Congress then was invested with Constitutional authority, they acted quickly to legally formalize taxes imposed on the income of individuals and corporations.

If you are a U.S. citizen or resident (indeed, if you reside anywhere income taxes are collected), consider what it takes to comply and make the necessary filings today.

Now take a look at the form that individuals were required by the Internal Revenue Service to file in 1913, the year permanent taxation started: 1913 Form 1040.

Do we really need to say anything more? Happy April 15!!

If you need advice or guidance about income taxes, in the United States or anywhere, please don’t contact me, Joe Rosenbaum (jrosenbaum@reedsmith.com).

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